Monthly Archives: February 2015

Linux Mint LMDE Server Setup #5: Public file sharing

I use two types of directory/file sharing: Samba and Ftp server

1. Samba

1.1. Mount drive to share:

$ sudo mkdir /mnt/drive
$ sudo mount -t ext4 /dev/<drive> /mnt/drive

1.2. To make the drive automatically mounted on boot, put following text to the end of “/etc/fstab”:

/dev/<drive>	/mnt/drive	ext4	defaults	0	2

1.3. Create folder to share:

$ sudo mkdir /mnt/drive/share

1.4. Change folder permission:

$ sudo chmod 777 /mnt/drive/share

1.5. Edit “/etc/samba/smb.conf”.

1.5.1. In order to make .exe files executable on samba share, put following line in section “global”:

   acl allow execute always = True

1.5.2. Put following text to the end of smb.conf file:

   comment = Freigabe Ordner
   path = /mnt/drive/share
   browseable = yes
   read only = no
   guest ok = yes
   create mask = 0777
   directory mask = 0777

1.5.3. Here is my complete smb.conf:

# Sample configuration file for the Samba suite for Debian GNU/Linux.
# This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the
# smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed
# here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options most of which 
# are not shown in this example
# Some options that are often worth tuning have been included as
# commented-out examples in this file.
#  - When such options are commented with ";", the proposed setting
#    differs from the default Samba behaviour
#  - When commented with "#", the proposed setting is the default
#    behaviour of Samba but the option is considered important
#    enough to be mentioned here
# NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command
# "testparm" to check that you have not made any basic syntactic 
# errors. 

#======================= Global Settings =======================

# Enable file execution
   acl allow execute always = True

## Browsing/Identification ###

# Change this to the workgroup/NT-domain name your Samba server will part of
#   workgroup = WORKGROUP
   workgroup = ARBEITSGRUPPE
   server string = MintServer
# Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
# WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable its WINS Server
#   wins support = no

# WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
# Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
;   wins server = w.x.y.z

# This will prevent nmbd to search for NetBIOS names through DNS.
   dns proxy = no

#### Networking ####

# The specific set of interfaces / networks to bind to
# This can be either the interface name or an IP address/netmask;
# interface names are normally preferred
;   interfaces = eth0

# Only bind to the named interfaces and/or networks; you must use the
# 'interfaces' option above to use this.
# It is recommended that you enable this feature if your Samba machine is
# not protected by a firewall or is a firewall itself.  However, this
# option cannot handle dynamic or non-broadcast interfaces correctly.
;   bind interfaces only = yes

#### Debugging/Accounting ####

# This tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
# that connects
   log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m

# Cap the size of the individual log files (in KiB).
   max log size = 1000

# If you want Samba to only log through syslog then set the following
# parameter to 'yes'.
#   syslog only = no

# We want Samba to log a minimum amount of information to syslog. Everything
# should go to /var/log/samba/log.{smbd,nmbd} instead. If you want to log
# through syslog you should set the following parameter to something higher.
   syslog = 0

# Do something sensible when Samba crashes: mail the admin a backtrace
   panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d

####### Authentication #######

# Server role. Defines in which mode Samba will operate. Possible
# values are "standalone server", "member server", "classic primary
# domain controller", "classic backup domain controller", "active
# directory domain controller". 
# Most people will want "standalone sever" or "member server".
# Running as "active directory domain controller" will require first
# running "samba-tool domain provision" to wipe databases and create a
# new domain.
   server role = standalone server

# If you are using encrypted passwords, Samba will need to know what
# password database type you are using.  
   passdb backend = tdbsam

   obey pam restrictions = yes

# This boolean parameter controls whether Samba attempts to sync the Unix
# password with the SMB password when the encrypted SMB password in the
# passdb is changed.
   unix password sync = yes

# For Unix password sync to work on a Debian GNU/Linux system, the following
# parameters must be set (thanks to Ian Kahan <<> for
# sending the correct chat script for the passwd program in Debian Sarge).
   passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
   passwd chat = *Enter\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *Retype\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *password\supdated\ssuccessfully* .

# This boolean controls whether PAM will be used for password changes
# when requested by an SMB client instead of the program listed in
# 'passwd program'. The default is 'no'.
   pam password change = yes

# This option controls how unsuccessful authentication attempts are mapped
# to anonymous connections
   map to guest = bad user

########## Domains ###########

# The following settings only takes effect if 'server role = primary
# classic domain controller', 'server role = backup domain controller'
# or 'domain logons' is set 

# It specifies the location of the user's
# profile directory from the client point of view) The following
# required a [profiles] share to be setup on the samba server (see
# below)
;   logon path = \\%N\profiles\%U
# Another common choice is storing the profile in the user's home directory
# (this is Samba's default)
#   logon path = \\%N\%U\profile

# The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
# It specifies the location of a user's home directory (from the client
# point of view)
;   logon drive = H:
#   logon home = \\%N\%U

# The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
# It specifies the script to run during logon. The script must be stored
# in the [netlogon] share
# NOTE: Must be store in 'DOS' file format convention
;   logon script = logon.cmd

# This allows Unix users to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR
# RPC pipe.  The example command creates a user account with a disabled Unix
# password; please adapt to your needs
; add user script = /usr/sbin/adduser --quiet --disabled-password --gecos "" %u

# This allows machine accounts to be created on the domain controller via the 
# SAMR RPC pipe.  
# The following assumes a "machines" group exists on the system
; add machine script  = /usr/sbin/useradd -g machines -c "%u machine account" -d /var/lib/samba -s /bin/false %u

# This allows Unix groups to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR
# RPC pipe.  
; add group script = /usr/sbin/addgroup --force-badname %g

############ Misc ############

# Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration
# on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name
# of the machine that is connecting
;   include = /home/samba/etc/smb.conf.%m

# Some defaults for winbind (make sure you're not using the ranges
# for something else.)
;   idmap uid = 10000-20000
;   idmap gid = 10000-20000
;   template shell = /bin/bash

# Setup usershare options to enable non-root users to share folders
# with the net usershare command.

# Maximum number of usershare. 0 (default) means that usershare is disabled.
;   usershare max shares = 100

# Allow users who've been granted usershare privileges to create
# public shares, not just authenticated ones
   usershare allow guests = yes

#======================= Share Definitions =======================

   comment = Home Directories
   browseable = no

# By default, the home directories are exported read-only. Change the
# next parameter to 'no' if you want to be able to write to them.
   read only = yes

# File creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to
# create files with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.
   create mask = 0700

# Directory creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to
# create dirs. with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.
   directory mask = 0700

# By default, \\server\username shares can be connected to by anyone
# with access to the samba server.
# The following parameter makes sure that only "username" can connect
# to \\server\username
# This might need tweaking when using external authentication schemes
   valid users = %S

# Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
# (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)
;   comment = Network Logon Service
;   path = /home/samba/netlogon
;   guest ok = yes
;   read only = yes

# Un-comment the following and create the profiles directory to store
# users profiles (see the "logon path" option above)
# (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)
# The path below should be writable by all users so that their
# profile directory may be created the first time they log on
;   comment = Users profiles
;   path = /home/samba/profiles
;   guest ok = no
;   browseable = no
;   create mask = 0600
;   directory mask = 0700

   comment = All Printers
   browseable = no
   path = /var/spool/samba
   printable = yes
   guest ok = no
   read only = yes
   create mask = 0700

# Windows clients look for this share name as a source of downloadable
# printer drivers
   comment = Printer Drivers
   path = /var/lib/samba/printers
   browseable = yes
   read only = yes
   guest ok = no
# Uncomment to allow remote administration of Windows print drivers.
# You may need to replace 'lpadmin' with the name of the group your
# admin users are members of.
# Please note that you also need to set appropriate Unix permissions
# to the drivers directory for these users to have write rights in it
;   write list = root, @lpadmin

   comment = Freigabe Ordner
   path = /mnt/drive/share
   browseable = yes
   read only = no
   guest ok = yes
   create mask = 0777
   directory mask = 0777

1.6. Restart samba service:

$ sudo service samba restart

2. vsftpd

2.1. Install vsftpd:

$ sudo apt-get install vsftpd

2.2. Edit “/etc/vsftpd.conf”:

ftpd_banner=Welcome to Linux Mint FTP service.

2.3. Create self-signed SSL Certificate:

$ sudo openssl req -x509 -nodes -days 365 -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout /etc/ssl/private/vsftpd.pem -out /etc/ssl/private/vsftpd.pem

2.4. Create file “/etc/xinetd.d/vsftpd” and put following text into that file:

service ftp
        socket_type             = stream
        wait                    = no
        user                    = root
        server                  = /usr/sbin/vsftpd
        log_on_success  += HOST DURATION
        log_on_failure  += HOST
        disable                 = no

2.5. Restart xinetd:

$ sudo service xinetd restart

That’s it. Enjoy!

Linux Mint LMDE Server Setup #4: Guacamole Remote Desktop

Here is how I installed Guacamole on LMDE Server:

1. Install guacamole-tomcat and libguac-client-rdp0:

$ sudo apt-get install guacamole-tomcat libguac-client-rdp0

2. Modify “/etc/guacamole/user-mapping.xml”. Mine looks like this:



        <connection name="Mint LMDE Server">
            <param name="hostname">localhost</param>
            <param name="port">5900</param>

        <connection name="Windows 7 Ultimate">
            <param name="hostname">localhost</param>
            <param name="port">3389</param>



3. To get md5 hash from a password you can do like this:

 $ echo -n <your password> | md5sum

4. Install lightdm and lightdm-gtk-greeter and set it to be default window manager:

$ sudo apt-get install lightdm lightdm-gtk-greeter

5. Modify “/etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf”. Here is how mine looks like:


6. Install vnc server:

$ sudo apt-get install vnc4server

7. Install xinet.d:

$ sudo apt-get install xinetd

8. Create file “/etc/xinetd.d/vnc” and put following text into that file:

service vnc
   disable     = no
   socket_type = stream
   protocol    = tcp
   wait        = no
   user        = nobody
   server      = /usr/bin/Xvnc4
   server_args = -inetd -once -query localhost -geometry 1920x1080 -depth 24 -securitytypes=none
   type        = UNLISTED
   port        = 5900

9. Restart xinetd, tomcat6 and guacd:

$ sudo service xinetd restart
$ sudo service tomcat6 restart
$ sudo service guacd restart

10. Open a webbrowser and go to <server address>:8080/guacamole.


11. Enjoy!

Linux Mint LMDE Server Setup #3: Epoptes for LTSP

Here is how I installed Epoptes on my LMDE Server:

1. Install epoptes:

$ sudo apt-get install epoptes

2. Add user to group epoptes:

$ sudo gpasswd -a <username> epoptes

3. Install x11vnc in order to enable screen broadcast:

$ sudo apt-get install x11vnc

4. Install epoptes-client on ltsp client:

$ sudo chroot /opt/ltsp/i386
# apt-get install epoptes-client
# epoptes-client -c
# exit

5. Reboot computer, start ltsp-client and start epoptes:


6. Enjoy!

Linux Mint LMDE Server Setup #1: Install LTSP Server

Here is how I installed LTSP Server for 32 bit Clients on Linux Mint Debian Edition 64 bit MATE:

1. Install LTSP server:

$ sudo apt-get install ltsp-server-standalone

2. Set static IP address:

My computer has 3 network adapters (eth0, eth1 and wlan0). I want eth1 to be used by dhcp-server and the rest will be dynamically managed by network-manager.

2.1. Start text editor:

$ sudo nano /etc/network/interfaces

2.2. My “/etc/network/interfaces” looks like this:

# interfaces(5) file used by ifup(8) and ifdown(8)
# Include files from /etc/network/interfaces.d:
source-directory /etc/network/interfaces.d
auto eth1
iface eth1 inet static

3. Configure DHCP Server:

3.1. Edit file “/etc/ltsp/dhcpd.conf”:

# Default LTSP dhcpd.conf config file.


subnet netmask {
 option domain-name "homenet.local";
 option domain-name-servers;
 option broadcast-address;
 option routers;
# get-lease-hostnames true;
 option subnet-mask;
 option root-path "/opt/ltsp/i386";
 if substring( option vendor-class-identifier, 0, 9 ) = "PXEClient" {
 filename "/ltsp/i386/pxelinux.0";
 } else {
 filename "/ltsp/i386/nbi.img";

3.2. Append “/etc/ltsp/dhcpd.conf” at the end of file “/etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf”:

$ su
# echo "include \"/etc/ltsp/dhcpd.conf\";" >> /etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf

4. Build client:

$ sudo ltsp-build-client --dist wheezy --arch i386

5. Share LTSP root directory on NFS drive:

$ su
# echo "/opt/ltsp          *(ro,no_root_squash,async,no_subtree_check)" >> /etc/exports

6. Restart Computer.

7. Boot Thin Clients:


8. Enjoy!